The Making of Europe: From the 20th to the 21st Century

This course provides an overview of the political, socio-economic, and cultural developments that shaped Europe throughout the 20th century and the first decades of the 21st century.



Course Level
ECTS credits
Course location(s)
Berlin, Germany


This course will offer you an opportunity to step into history. Many deeply impacting developments occurred over the course of the 20th century: Two World Wars were fought, the birth of the European Union and the fall of Communism, just to name a few. Being such a crucial city in Europe’s history in the 20th and 21st century, Berlin is the most logical location for this course. Special emphasis will also be given to Germany's role in the centre of the continent. The city of Berlin, with all its tangible historical remains, will be dealt with as a city of former crisis with great promises for a better future. This will mainly be done by looking through the prism of European integration and the evolution and current challenges of the European Union across different policy fields.

In this course we will try to identify the democratic values that have shaped the rebirth of Europe and discuss the challenges with which present-day Europe is faced. The course will reflect on Europe's place in the global, multi-polar world of the 21st century.

Several excursions will be organized in which you will visit some key historic sites as well as prominent EU and German institutions based in Berlin.

NB: You can combine this course in one of our tracks, for example with a course in the Netherlands or even visit Rome & Utrecht next to Berlin

2024-OHLHORST_The Making of Europe_D-Track_en_term_III.pdf

Target audience

This course is open to all students from different fields of study with an interest in culture, society and politics. The course requires a minimum language proficiency of B2 in English.

Aim of the course

At the end of this course, you will be able to:

  • Describe and evaluate different theories and conceptualisations of the historic development of Europe, with specific attention for Germany; 
  • Show an understanding of various historic monuments and their relation to historic developments; 
  • Demonstrate an understanding of political, socio-economic and cultural aspects of the European developments; 
  • Demonstrate this critical knowledge and understanding in written and verbal form.

Study load

48 contact hours (six hours per day). Students must attend classes, engage actively in class discussions, and regularly contribute ideas to the class to be able to successfully complete this course. There will also be a midcourse exam and a final exam.


  • Course fee: €1430.00
  • Included: Course + course materials
  • Housing fee: €400
  • Housing provider: A third party

Additional information

Housing is available from the Saturday before the start of the course until the last Saturday (3 August 2024 to 17 August 2024), regardless of the actual days of arrival and departure. More information regarding the accommodation in Berlin is presented here

Housing is optional. After the application deadline, you cannot adjust your housing option (with or without arranged housing) in Berlin, i.e. participants who register without housing will then have to find their own housing in Berlin, or students who applied with housing, cannot cancel this after 22 June 2024. In case of cancellation by the participant after 22 June, the service fee (€ 130) as well as the fee for accommodation at Ju-Li Hostel in Berlin (€ 400) amounting to a total of € 530 cannot be refunded. The remaining amount will be refunded according to our regular cancellation policy.