Diagnostic Avian and Exotic Animals Pathology

Course code
Course fee (excl. housing)
Course Level
This course is closed and you can't apply anymore. Please check our other courses.

In this course the student is trained to perform post-mortem diagnostics based on protocols, and to formulate, based on this diagnosis, the pathogenesis, the etiology and significance of the pathological conclusion for contact animals. The necropsied animals are made available by zoos and private owners. After the necropsy and discussion with the pathologist the student will contact the referring veterinarian. The veterinarian will be informed about the results and conclusion of the necropsy. The student writes a report and sends it to the pathology resident. The student will present selected cases and attend the resident histology seminars.

The animal species included are:

  • Mammals: zoo animals, wildlife, rabbits, rodents and other privately kept animals; 
  • Birds: zoo- and park birds, back-yard poultry, aviary birds, pet birds and racing pigeons and wildlife; 
  • Reptiles, amphibians and occasionally fish and insects. 

The protocols include the following disciplines: 

  • Gross pathology;
  • Parasitology;
  • Microbiology; 
  • Cytology;
  • Histology. 

The diagnostic activities are performed by the students themselves under supervision of a trained veterinary pathologist. During this course the students are expected to make and present review/case-studies of selected cases from the diagnostic material.

The students will daily be present in the necropsy room and based on what dead animals are presented they will perform the necropsies. One assigned necropsy case per week will be presented by the student as review/case-study on Thursday morning. On Wednesday afternoon the students will attend the resident histology seminars. On the final day of the course the student will pass an exam based on the necropsy that is available on that day.

Utrecht Summer School Welcome Day 2023_33.pdf
Course director
Dr. Marja J.L. Kik

Aim of the course

Training in post-mortem investigation of exotic animals and wildlife.


Course fee:
Fee covers
Course + course materials
Housing fee:
Housing cost
Housing provider:
Utrecht Summer School

Additional information

If you would like to make use of the Utrecht Summer School student accommodation, please make sure to check this page. You can check in on or after Sunday 2 July 2023, after 12.00 (noon). More information regarding the check-in is available in the pre-departure and day-to-day document. 


Extra application information

You have to be a qualified veterinarian to be able to participate in this course.

For this course you are required to upload the following documents when applying:

Motivation Letter
Transcript of Grades
Reference Letter

Contact details

E: Judith vd Brand (j.m.a.vandenbrand@uu.nl ) & Jooske IJzer (j.ijzer@uu.nl) | T: +31 30 2534295


Application deadline: 
Registration deadline
12 June 2023